In patients suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension, diuretic tablets (also usually called as “water pills”) aid their body in eliminating the presence of excess water and salt via urination. In hypertensive patients, the main importance of using diuretic tablets is that when the excess (and unneeded) salt and fluids are eliminated, then their body can lower its blood pressure, resulting to a heart that has a lesser workload and has no need to pump so hard anymore. Aside from hypertension, diuretic tablets are very helpful in many other ways and can treat various types of heart-related medical conditions such as heart failure, glaucoma, and even liver and kidney problems.
There are actually 3 various types of diuretic tablets:
- Loop diuretic tablets (such as brands Lasix and Bumex) are oftentimes used when patients are found to have symptoms associated with congestive heart failure, and are extremely useful when it comes to life-threatening emergencies. However, loop diuretic tablets do not dramatically lower one’s blood pressure.
- Thiazide diuretic tablets (such as brands Esidrix and Zaroxolyn) can be utilized as a drug for lowering a patient’s rather high blood pressure, or in another setting, to effectively treat edema due to heart failure.
- Potassium-sparing diuretic tablets (such as brands Aldactone and Dyrenium) aid the patient’s body in holding on to the potassium component, and such diuretic tablets are utilized often in cases of congestive heart failure. These potassium-sparing diuretic tablets are usually prescribed by doctors as a combination drug with the other two kinds of diuretic tablets mentioned above; however, it also does not dramatically lower one’s blood pressure.
Even if these diuretic tablets can help patients who need them, they also give a couple of side effects to the users. Side effects from the use of diuretic tablets include frequency in urination, abnormalities of electrolyte levels in blood, feeling extremely weak or tired, weakness or muscle cramping, lightheaded, dizzy, blurry vision, headache, confusion, increased sweating, dehydration, restlessness, skin rashes, sore throat, fever, ringing in ears, excessive and quick weight loss, vomiting, nausea, appetite loss, and unusual bruising or bleeding.
Most of these diuretic tablets are sulfa-type drugs. If you are allergic to sulfa-type drugs, then you need to let your doctor know just in case diuretic tablets are not for you.
If you are taking diuretic tablets to get better again, then you need to follow your doctor’s instructions very carefully, especially on the part on how frequent you must take the diuretic tablets. If you are just using one dose per day, then it is well advised to be taking it in the early morning instead of during the evening. Continue reading